April 7, 2020 at 21:05 JST
People ride an escalator up toward a train station on April 7 in Tokyo.
Japan will sell a record amount of extra bonds this fiscal year, worth more than $165 billion, straining the industrial world's heaviest debt burden, as Tokyo compiles a record stimulus to combat the coronavirus.
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on Tuesday rolled out a package worth 108.2 trillion yen ($990 billion), or 20% the size of the economy, vowing to take "all steps" to combat deepening fallout from the virus pandemic.
"In a crisis like this, Japan has little choice but to embark on helicopter money like other major economies," said Yasuhide Yajima, chief economist at NLI Research Institute.
Finance Minister Taro Aso told reporters that the government was placing higher priority on trying to revive the economy than restoring public finances.
The package included 20 trillion yen of stimulus steps already put in place last December, which helped inflate the headline figure. Actual fiscal spending came to 39.5 trillion yen, including 10 trillion yen from December's stimulus.
The 18.2 trillion yen extra bond issuance in the new fiscal year from April beat the previous record of 16.9 trillion yen issued during the 2009 global financial crisis, bringing overall annual market issues to a five-year high of 147 trillion yen.
All the maturities, except for 40-year bonds, inflation-linked bonds and liquidity enhancement auctions, will increase.
While 40-year bonds and liquidity enhancement auctions remain unchanged from an initial plan, inflation-linked bonds will be cut. Six-month treasury discount bills will be added to the market issuance.
In a rare move, the government on Tuesday compiled an extra budget worth 16.8057 trillion yen at the start of the new fiscal year in April to fund the stimulus, highlighting the urgency.
The government will issue the same amount of extra bonds to fund the extra budget, the largest amount on record, with construction bond issuance at 2.3290 trillion yen and deficit-covering bonds at 14.4767 trillion yen.
The number of coronavirus infections exceeds 1.32 million globally, with 74,087 deaths. Japan has so far been spared the massive outbreaks seen in other global hotspots, but a recent, steady rise in infections prompted Abe to declare a state of emergency in Tokyo, Osaka and five other prefectures.
The pandemic has added to woes for Japan's economy, which is seen in being in recession as the outbreak disrupts supply chains and cools consumption. The 2020 Tokyo Summer Olympics have been postponed.
The stimulus package includes cash payouts worth 300,000 yen per household facing income declines, corporate financing support totalling 45 trillion yen to help firms continue business operations, and a scheme for private financial institutions to lend to struggling small and midsize firms at zero interest.
The Group of 20 major economies pledged last month to inject more than $5 trillion into the global economy to limit job and income losses. ($1=108.8000 yen)
The Asahi Shimbun aims “to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls” through its Gender Equality Declaration.
Let’s explore the Japanese capital from the viewpoint of wheelchair users and people with disabilities with Barry Joshua Grisdale.
This special page portrays the dramatic arrest of Carlos Ghosn and the twists and turns that followed.
This special page reviews what the former Nissan Motor Co. chairman left during his 19 years in Japan.
Baseball star Ichiro Suzuki had much to say on March 21, 2019, the day he hung up his spikes.
This special page details how journalists uncovered shady transactions through Bermuda and other tax havens.