By YUMI KURITA/ Staff Writer
December 16, 2020 at 07:00 JST
Editor’s note: The theme of Gohan Lab is to help people make simple, tasty “gohan” (meals).
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Are there ingredients or seasonings you want to master but feel they are out of reach?
Nam pla was one of those seasonings for this reporter, and it was unclear whether the bottle would ever get used up. But with overseas travel and dining out so difficult these days, this is a good opportunity to try your hand at an exotic meal with seasonings you don’t normally buy.
Nam pla is a Thai fish sauce made from anchovies. Its characteristic smell is not to everyone’s liking, but do not let that put you off: It softens a little through cooking and, since its flavor is different from soy sauce, it adds depth to the dish.
Be aware, though, that if you use too much, the flavor will become too strong and the salt content too high.
This week’s dish will turn out differently depending on what sort of nam pla or rice vermicelli you use. We tested this repeatedly, changing the amount and ingredients each time. As the noodles are stir-fried, they absorb the soup’s multilayered seafood flavors, and the water used to reconstitute the shrimp gets incorporated in their flavor.
The 70-gram bottle of nam pla became empty after cooking this week’s two dishes a few times over.
RICE NOODLES A COMMON ASIAN FARE
“Bifun,” the Japanese word for rice vermicelli, is written as “rice powder” in Chinese characters. According to the association of companies that produce or import the noodles in Japan, they are defined as “containing more than 50 percent rice powder as their main ingredient and are processed into a noodle shape.”
Rice noodles are found throughout Asia. In Vietnam, bifun is called “bun,” while the flat, ribbon-like noodles are called “pho.”
Glass noodles (“harusame”) are made from the starch of mung beans or potatoes and formed into noodles like bifun. They are popular in places like China, South Korea and Thailand, for example.
While rice vermicelli and glass noodles are reconstituted first and then stir-fried or simmered, there are cases in Chinese cuisine where glass noodles are deep-fried while still dry.
BASIC COOKING METHOD
(Supervised by Akiko Watanabe in the cooking aspect and Midori Kasai in the cookery science aspect)
* Ingredients (Serves two)
75 grams rice vermicelli, 50 grams barbecued pork (yakibuta), 2 tsp dried shrimp (hoshi-ebi), 1 green pepper (piman variety), 1/2 long onion, 100 grams soybean sprouts, 1 and 1/3 Tbsp nam pla, bit of pepper, 1 Tbsp oil
About 270 kcal and 3.4 grams salt per portion
1. Reconstitute dried shrimp in 50 ml hot water. Bring generous amount of water to a boil in pot, add rice vermicelli and cook for 4 to 5 minutes over low heat. Drain and cut into lengths of 5 to 6 cm (PHOTO A).
2. Cut barbecued pork into strips 5 mm wide, remove seeds from green pepper and cut into fine strips. Cut long onion into fine strips 4 cm long (PHOTO B). Remove shrimp from hot water. To make sauce, add nam pla and pepper to the water used to reconstitute shrimp.
3. Pour oil in frying pan and place on medium heat. When heated, stir-fry long onion over low heat. When it becomes tender, add shrimp, barbecued pork, green pepper and soybean sprouts in this order and cook over medium heat. Add sauce, bring to a boil (PHOTO C). Add rice vermicelli and stir-fry until no liquid is left. Serve on dish and sprinkle with pepper if desired.
Akiko Watanabe is a cooking expert specializing in Japanese cuisine.
Midori Kasai is a professor at Ochanomizu University and former chairwoman of the Japan Society of Cookery Science.
Thai-style glass noodle salad
For 2 to 3 servings, use 35 grams mung-bean starch (“ryokuto”) glass noodles, 6 shrimp without heads, 4 dried cloud ear mushrooms (“kikurage”), 30 grams red onion, 20 grams carrot, 4 coriander stalks with leaves. Reconstitute cloud ear mushroom in lukewarm water and cut into fine strips. Reconstitute glass noodles in the same way as rice vermicelli and cut. Devein shrimp, boil in salted water, remove shell and slice in half lengthwise. Cut carrot into fine strips.
Finely slice onion, immerse in water, then drain. Cut coriander 3 cm in length. Combine all ingredients and mix with sauce made from 1 and 1/3 Tbsp nam pla, 2 tsp each of water, sugar, lemon juice, and bit of finely chopped chili pepper.
To make fish sauces like nam pla, seafood is pickled in salt so that it is broken down by its own enzymes, turned into a liquid and filtered. Soy sauce is made by adding koji mold to steamed soybeans and roasted wheat to turn them into koji. Then, yeast and salt are added, and it is left to mature before pressing. While microbes are added to soy sauce, fish sauce is fermented by natural microbes.
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