Photo/IllutrationTokyo Governor Yuriko Koike (Asahi Shimbun file photo)

Tokyo plans to enforce a smoking ban in restaurants and public facilities across the capital ahead of the 2020 Tokyo Olympics and Paralympics.

Governor Yuriko Koike of the Tokyo metropolitan government said Sept. 8 that the ban will be "total" in principle.

It will apply to indoor portions of restaurants and public facilities except small establishments with a floor space of 30 square meters or less, typically bars.

A bill setting out the provisions of the ordinance will be submitted to the Tokyo metropolitan assembly within this fiscal year that ends in March 2018, with the aim of it taking effect by summer 2019.

The Kanagawa and Hyogo prefectural governments have already stipulated ordinances to regulate smoking in similar facilities. In the case of Kanagawa, however, restaurants with a floor space of 100 square meters or less are only required to make an effort to reduce secondhand smoke.

The Tokyo ordinance will be much stricter and is aimed at taking a lead role in restricting smoking in the face of foot-dragging on the issue by the central government.

A similar ban will likely spread to other prefectures or municipalities.

Tokyo, in principle, prohibits smoking in any part of hospitals and elementary, junior high and high schools, as well as indoor portions of central and local government buildings.

Hotels, “ryokan” inns and company offices will also be required to comply, but allowed to operate rooms where people can smoke.

Smoking will be allowed in small establishments if employees are agreeable.

Violators will face a fine of up to 50,000 yen ($465).

The provisions of the ordinance are almost identical to proposed revisions to the Health Promotion Law drawn up by the health ministry to deal with the problem of secondhand smoking.

However, the ministry is facing an uphill battle submitting the revisions to the Diet due to opposition from lawmakers of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party.

The metropolitan government is in a hurry to emulate the example of other cities that hosted "clean" Olympic Games in recent years.

The metropolitan government plans to gather input from the public by Oct. 6 and then finalize the wording of the bill for the ordinance. It plans to submit the bill to the Tokyo metropolitan assembly in February.

After its passes the assembly, which is deemed certain, the metropolitan government will spend a year spreading the word about terms of the anti-smoking ordinance.

The bill will unlikely face any problems in the assembly as the ruling parties, Tomin First no Kai and Komeito, have a majority. Koike is the founder of Tomin First no Kai.