The banking industry on Jan. 4 gained access to a National Police Agency database to prevent gangsters from receiving loans and further crack down on yakuza activities.

The Japanese Bankers Association (JBA) had studied the introduction of an anti-yakuza system with the NPA and other related organizations.

The securities industry introduced a similar system in January 2013.

Each bank can now use the NPA database through the government-affiliated Deposit Insurance Corp. of Japan (DICJ) to find out if an applicant for a housing or other loan is a gang member.

From the database, the DICJ receives information on whether the loan applicant is a gangster, a quasi-member or has no ties to yakuza groups.

A quasi-member does not belong to a gangster organization but is involved in the group’s activities.

For cases in which the applicant is a member or a quasi-member, the DICJ will ask prefectural police for confirmation.

If mob ties are confirmed, the DICJ will relay the information to each bank, and the banks can reject the loan application.

In a long-running campaign to put the squeeze on organized crime, laws have been tightened and ordinances adopted around the country to ban business transactions with gangsters.

Banks have created their own databases on yakuza based on police information and media reports.

The JBA worked out model provisions to prevent gangster organizations from conducting loan transactions in November 2008 and from opening and using bank accounts in September 2009.