Photo/IllutrationHeizo Takenaka, a professor at Toyo University and director of the Center for Global Innovation Studies, speaks about the new index on innovation at a news conference in Tokyo’s Bunkyo Ward on Nov. 28. (Satoshi Daiguji)

For all its technological prowess, Japan has a long way to go when it comes to international harmony and human resources, according to a new index on global innovation.

Japan ranked 32nd among 60 countries in the 2019 index released on Nov. 28 by Toyo University's Center for Global Innovation Studies, headed by Heizo Takenaka.

The ranking has as one of its focuses education and diversity with respect to value creation.

The college established the index with the intention of having it used for government policymaking and other purposes.

Singapore topped the ranking followed by Luxembourg and Switzerland.

For the index, the center created deviation scores for 58 items, including productivity per worker and number of patent applications, to measure the rate of progress for innovation among countries.

These items were then grouped into five categories: “international harmony,” “market trends,” “technological innovation,” “human resources” and “related policies.”

The human resources category has sub-categories related to education and diversity.

The center ranked 60 countries it collected a certain amount of data on.

The United States ranked ninth, while China placed 15th.

By category, Japan came in third in technological innovation, but ranked low in other categories, including 46th in international harmony and 57th in human resources.

Based on the results, the center recommended that the government take improvement measures such as increasing the number of immigrants, the number of students from overseas, the percentage of women in managerial positions and student interest in starting a new business.