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問題【英語】Last summer I visited Canada.

2021.10.11

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40都道府県から生徒が集う西日本有数の予備校・高松高等予備校と朝日新聞が、高校受験に役立つページを用意しました。各教科の問題と解答はもちろん、各問についての解説も充実していて、手応えはバツグン。保護者の皆さんも中学生向けと侮らず、ぜひお子さんとチャレンジしてみてください。

問題 次の英文は中学生の達也(Tatsuya)が書いたものです。これを読んで,あとの問いに答えなさい。

Last summer I visited Canada. ①私は1ヶ月間あるホストファミリーのところに滞在しました。 The family lived in a small town with a lot of mountains. During my stay in Canada, my host brother Mark often took me to some interesting places. I enjoyed doing many things with him.

One day Mark and I went to a beautiful *forest. We saw some people there. ②( they / didn’t / doing / what / know / were / I ), so I asked Mark about it. He answered, “They are *planting young trees. They also *weed and *pick up *garbage to *raise forests. I sometimes help them as a volunteer. Today you can plant some young trees here. Do you want to try?”

I planted a young tree. It was my first experience. ③Planting a tree was (   )(   ) hard for me, but I enjoyed it very much. After planting the tree, Mark asked me about raising forests in Japan. I could not answer because ④I didn’t know anything about it. Then Mark said, “Forests give people *fresh air, a lot of water and other important things. They also *protect us from *natural disasters. So in Canada people plant young trees every year to raise the forests.” I learned many things from Mark.

After coming back to Japan, I talked with my friends about forests. But they didn’t know much about the importance of forests. Young Japanese people ( ⑤ ) learn more about forests. We should do something for the forests in our country.

※注
forest 森
plant 植える
weed 草取りをする
pick up 拾い上げる
garbage ごみ
raise 育てる
fresh air 新鮮な空気
protect ~ from … ~を…から守る
natural disaster 自然災害

(1) 下線部①の日本文を英語で書き表せ。

(2) 下線部②が、「私は彼らが何をしているのかわかりませんでした」という意味になるように、(   )内のすべての語を、正しく並べかえて書け。

(3) 下線部③を、「木を植えることは私にとって少し大変でした」という意味にするには、(   )内に、どのような語を入れたらよいか。最も適当な語をそれぞれ一つずつ書け。

(4) 次の英文を、下線部④とほぼ同じ内容を表す英文にするには、(   )内にどのような語を入れたらよいか。最も適当な語をそれぞれ一つずつ書け。
 I (   ) (   ) about it

(5) ( ⑤ )にあてはまるものは、本文の内容からみて、次のア~エのうちのどれか。最も適当なものを一つ選べ。
 ア mustn’t  イ have to  ウ have  エ don’t have to

(出題:高予備・英語担当 南條幸弘先生)

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